Different types of fonts | Aspose.Font
As we learned from the article about Fonts, they have a bunch of different parameters. One of them is font type. Font type is the way letters of the font are going to look like. The other way to describe font type is as a group of fonts with a specific set of features that influence how the font appears.
Key font types
Because of the difference in the look of fonts of the type, they are usually used for different purposes or in different spheres. That is why working with fonts it might be necessary to know about their type.
There are five key font types allocated:
- serif fonts;
- sans serifs;
- script fonts;
- display fonts;
- monospace fonts.
Let’s describe them in the table depending on their defining feature, main use, and well-known representatives.
|Letters have serifs
|Times New Roman, Bodoni, Caslon, Trajan, Eames Century Modern
|San serif fonts
|Letters don’t have serifs
|Arial, Helvetica, Gotham, Akzidenz Grotesk, Futura
|Shelley, Bickham, Lobster
|Cannot be used for the main text
|Bella, Karloff, Neu Alphabet, Impact
|Each symbol takes equal horizontal space
|Courier, FF Trixie, Inconsolata
Serif is a small dash at the beginning or the end of a stroke on a letter.
It is known that they originate from letters of the ancient Roman period. They are well spread for typewriting in books, magazines, newspapers because they are easy to read on paper. Times New Roman, as one of the most famous of the representatives, is the font used for writing term papers, graduate works, essays in many educational institutions.
Serif fonts are classified next way:
- Old-Style serifs. They look like they are written in ink.
- Transitional serifs. They are with a visible contrast between thick and thin strokes.
- Didone or neoclassical. They distinguish themselves by heavy contrast between thick and thin strokes.
- Slab serifs. These fonts are the heaviest and boldest fonts of the type.
Examples of serif fonts are shown in the picture below.
Sans serif fonts
The fonts of this type do not have serifs. They are simpler to read or distinguish on screens, therefore, they are becoming more and more popular and well spread. Many famous brands tend to use them for their logos because of their simplicity and laconic design. Arial, as one of the representatives, is the default font in Google Docs.
Sans serif fonts can be divided into text groups:
- Grotesque. They have contrast between thick and thin strokes, and vertical or no visible stress.
- Humanist. These fonts distinguish themselves by medium contrast between thick and thin strokes, and by slanted stress.
- Geometric. Fonts of this group have low contrast between thick and thin strokes, circular round forms, and vertical stress.
The most used sans serif fonts are depicted below.
These fonts imitate handwriting. As a result, there are a lot of different script styles. In some, - letters are conjoined together as if handwritten, in some styles letters are separate. Most script fonts are commonly used for book covers and projects where a unique and authentic look is required. Because of their elegance, they are often used for wedding printed production like wedding invitations, etc.
These fonts are developed for titles, signboards, advertisements, etc. They are usually very bold and large-sized with an unusual design, that is because their main purpose is to attract attention to the written text.
A few of the representatives of display fonts are shown in the next picture.
Most fonts are proportional and give different horizontal spaces for different letters. Letter “W”, for example, is the widest and “l” the thinnest. Monospace fonts on the contrary give each letter an equal space. That is because the first these fonts were developed for typewriters. Then with the first computer, they got a new life. Even though computers progressed dramatically and there is not that memory scarce nowadays, monospace fonts are widely used in code programming. Some designers use these fonts to give the text nostalgic, retro vibes.
Where can I get fonts?
You can find free and paid fonts from various reputable websites. But be sure to check the licensing terms for each font before using it for commercial projects. Here are some sources where you can find a great choice of fonts:
|Offers a vast collection of open-source fonts that you can use for personal and commercial projects.
|Adobe Fonts (Typekit)
|Provides a wide range of high-quality fonts that you can get through Adobe Creative Cloud subscriptions.
|A popular website with a large collection of free fonts for personal use.
|Offers high-quality fonts from various sources.
|Commercial font marketplace with a vast collection of professionally designed fonts for purchase.
|Large and diverse font library with a focus on both personal and commercial use.
|Has a great collection of free fonts for personal use, and many of them are also available for commercial use with attribution.
|Fontbundles Free Fonts
|Includes a section for free fonts available for personal and commercial use.
|A platform where designers can share their work, including free fonts so might discover unique and original fonts here.
Web-safe fonts, custom fonts, and font services play significant roles in expanding font options for web designers. They offer a wider range of typographic choices and enhance the visual appeal of websites. Here’s a brief explanation of these categories:
- Web-safe fonts
Web-safe fonts or system fonts or default fonts, are ones that are available across different operating systems and devices. They ensure consistent typography by providing fallback options when preferred fonts are not available on users’ devices. While web-safe fonts have limitations in terms of creative expression, they offer reliability and cross-browser compatibility.
- Custom Fonts
Custom fonts allow web designers to choose and use unique, non-standard typefaces that are not commonly found on users’ devices. Designers can license or create custom fonts to highlight brand identity, aesthetic preferences, or specific project requirements. They offer increased creativity and individuality, allowing the projects to stand out.
- Font Services
Font services, such as Google Fonts, Typekit (now part of Adobe Fonts), and other similar platforms, provide web designers with large libraries of fonts. These services store font files on their servers both free and premium fonts, providing designers with a vast collection of high-quality typefaces to choose from.
By using web-safe fonts, custom fonts, and font services, you can expand the typographic options and create visually compelling and engaging websites. But it is important to find a balance between creativity and practicality, paying attention to factors such as performance, licensing, and accessibility.
There are five key font types known. They have different appearances and different aims. But it is only up to you which font you see as a proper one for your design. If a font is usually used for coding it does not mean that you cannot use it in other projects, on the contrary, it may give your design a fresh, unique style.
Before choosing a font for your work, you need to learn all its parameters and to do it you can use a free online application from Aspose, Font viewer. The app will give you such information as font source, designer, license, font family, style, postscript name, number of glyphs, and many more.