# Supported Formula Functions

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Aspose.Cells' Formula Calculation Engine allows you to set, read and calculate the results of the following formulas and functions.

## A

Function Summary
ABS Math and trigonometry: Returns the absolute value of a number
ACCRINT Financial: Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM Financial: Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
ACOS Math and trigonometry: Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH Math and trigonometry: Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ADDRESS Lookup and reference: Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AGGREGATE Math and trigonometry: Returns an aggregate in a list or database
AMORDEGRC Financial: Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC Financial: Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
AND Logical: Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
AREAS Lookup and reference: Returns the number of areas in a reference
ASC Text: Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
ASIN Math and trigonometry: Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH Math and trigonometry: Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN Math and trigonometry: Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 Math and trigonometry: Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH Math and trigonometry: Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
AVEDEV Statistical: Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE Statistical: Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA Statistical: Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF Statistical: Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS Statistical: Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.

## B

Function Summary
BESSELI Engineering: Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ Engineering: Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK Engineering: Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY Engineering: Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BETADIST Compatibility: Returns the beta cumulative distribution
BETA.DIST Statistical: Returns the beta cumulative distribution
BETAINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BETA.INV Statistical: Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BIN2DEC Engineering: Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX Engineering: Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT Engineering: Converts a binary number to octal
BINOMDIST Compatibility: Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BINOM.DIST Statistical: Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BITAND Engineering: Returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers
BITLSHIFT Engineering: Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits
BITOR Engineering: Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers
BITRSHIFT Engineering: Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits
BITXOR Engineering: Returns a bitwise ‘Exclusive Or’ of two numbers

## C

Function Summary
CEILING Compatibility: Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.MATH Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
CELL Information: Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
CHAR Text: Returns the character specified by the code number
CHIDIST Compatibility: Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHITEST Compatibility: Returns the test for independence
CHISQ.DIST Statistical: Returns the cumulative beta probability density
CHISQ.DIST.RT Statistical: Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.INV.RT Statistical: Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.TEST Statistical: Returns the test for independence
CHOOSE Lookup and reference: Chooses a value from a list of values
CLEAN Text: Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE Text: Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
COLUMN Lookup and reference: Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS Lookup and reference: Returns the number of columns in a reference
COMBIN Math and trigonometry: Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMPLEX Engineering: Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONCAT Text: Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn’t provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments.
CONCATENATE Text: Joins several text items into one text item
CONFIDENCE Compatibility: Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.NORM Statistical: Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONVERT Engineering: Converts a number from one measurement system to another
CORREL Statistical: Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COS Math and trigonometry: Returns the cosine of a number
COSH Math and trigonometry: Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COUNT Statistical: Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA Statistical: Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK Statistical: Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF Statistical: Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS Statistical: Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COUPDAYBS Financial: Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS Financial: Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC Financial: Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD Financial: Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM Financial: Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD Financial: Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
COVAR Compatibility: Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.P Statistical: Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.S Statistical: Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets
CRITBINOM Compatibility: Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
CUMIPMT Financial: Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC Financial: Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods

## D

Function Summary
DATE Date and time: Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEDIF Date and time: Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age.
DATEVALUE Date and time: Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAVERAGE Database: Returns the average of selected database entries
DAY Date and time: Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS Date and time: Returns the number of days between two dates
DAYS360 Date and time: Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
DB Financial: Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DCOUNT Database: Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA Database: Counts nonblank cells in a database
DDB Financial: Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DEC2BIN Engineering: Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX Engineering: Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT Engineering: Converts a decimal number to octal
DEGREES Math and trigonometry: Converts radians to degrees
DELTA Engineering: Tests whether two values are equal
DEVSQ Statistical: Returns the sum of squares of deviations
DGET Database: Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DISC Financial: Returns the discount rate for a security
DMAX Database: Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN Database: Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DOLLAR Text: Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format
DOLLARDE Financial: Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR Financial: Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DPRODUCT Database: Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV Database: Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP Database: Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM Database: Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DURATION Financial: Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
DVAR Database: Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP Database: Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

## E

Function Summary
EDATE Date and time: Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EFFECT Financial: Returns the effective annual interest rate
EOMONTH Date and time: Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
ERF Engineering: Returns the error
ERFC Engineering: Returns the complementary error
ERROR.TYPE Information: Returns a number corresponding to an error type
EVEN Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXACT Text: Checks to see if two text values are identical
EXP Math and trigonometry: Returns e raised to the power of a given number
EXPONDIST Compatibility: Returns the exponential distribution

## F

Function Summary
FACT Math and trigonometry: Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE Math and trigonometry: Returns the double factorial of a number
FALSE Logical: Returns the logical value FALSE
F.DIST Statistical: Returns the F probability distribution
FDIST Compatibility: Returns the F probability distribution
F.DIST.RT Statistical: Returns the F probability distribution
FILTER Lookup and reference: Filters a range of data based on criteria you define
FIND Text: Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FINDB Text: Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
F.INV.RT Statistical: Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER Statistical: Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV Statistical: Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FIXED Text: Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
FLOOR Compatibility: Rounds a number down, toward zero
FLOOR.MATH Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
FORECAST Statistical: Returns a value along a linear trend(In Excel 2016, this function is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions)
FORECAST.LINEAR Statistical: Returns a future value based on existing values
FORMULATEXT Lookup and reference: Returns the formula at the given reference as text
FREQUENCY Statistical: Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
FV Financial: Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE Financial: Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates

## G

Function Summary
GAMMA.DIST Statistical: Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMADIST Compatibility: Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMA.INV Statistical: Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMAINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN Statistical: Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ��(x)
GCD Math and trigonometry: Returns the greatest common divisor
GEOMEAN Statistical: Returns the geometric mean
GESTEP Engineering: Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
GETPIVOTDATA Lookup and reference: Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
GROWTH Statistical: Returns values along an exponential trend

## H

Function Summary
HARMEAN Statistical: Returns the harmonic mean
HEX2BIN Engineering: Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC Engineering: Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT Engineering: Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
HLOOKUP Lookup and reference: Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HOUR Date and time: Converts a serial number to an hour
HYPERLINK Lookup and reference: Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
HYPGEOM.DIST Statistical: Returns the hypergeometric distribution
HYPGEOMDIST Compatibility: Returns the hypergeometric distribution

## I

Function Summary
IF Logical: Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR Logical: Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
IFNA Logical: Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression
IFS Logical: Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition.
IMABS Engineering: Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY Engineering: Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT Engineering: Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE Engineering: Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS Engineering: Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMDIV Engineering: Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP Engineering: Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN Engineering: Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 Engineering: Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 Engineering: Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER Engineering: Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT Engineering: Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL Engineering: Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSIN Engineering: Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSQRT Engineering: Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB Engineering: Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM Engineering: Returns the sum of complex numbers
INDEX Lookup and reference: Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT Lookup and reference: Returns a reference indicated by a text value
INT Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
INTERCEPT Statistical: Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
INTRATE Financial: Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT Financial: Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR Financial: Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISBLANK Information: Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR Information: Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR Information: Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN Information: Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISLOGICAL Information: Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA Information: Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT Information: Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER Information: Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISODD Information: Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISREF Information: Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT Information: Returns TRUE if the value is text
ISOWEEKNUM Date and time: Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date
ISPMT Financial: Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment

## K

Function Summary
KURT Statistical: Returns the kurtosis of a data set

## L

Function Summary
LARGE Statistical: Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LCM Math and trigonometry: Returns the least common multiple
LEFT Text: Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEFTB Text: Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN Text: Returns the number of characters in a text string
LENB Text: Returns the number of characters in a text string
LINEST Statistical: Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LN Math and trigonometry: Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG Math and trigonometry: Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 Math and trigonometry: Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
LOGEST Statistical: Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOGNORM.DIST Statistical: Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORM.INV Statistical: Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
LOGNORMDIST Compatibility: Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOOKUP Lookup and reference: Looks up values in a vector or array
LOWER Text: Converts text to lowercase

## M

Function Summary
MATCH Lookup and reference: Looks up values in a reference or array
MAX Statistical: Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA Statistical: Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MAXIFS Statistical: Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria
MDETERM Math and trigonometry: Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MDURATION Financial: Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100
MEDIAN Statistical: Returns the median of the given numbers
MID Text: Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
MIDB Text: Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
MIN Statistical: Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINIFS Statistical: Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.
MINA Statistical: Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MINUTE Date and time: Converts a serial number to a minute
MINVERSE Math and trigonometry: Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MIRR Financial: Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
MMULT Math and trigonometry: Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD Math and trigonometry: Returns the remainder from division
MODE Compatibility: Returns the most common value in a data set
MODE.MULT Statistical: Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data
MODE.SNGL Statistical: Returns the most common value in a data set
MONTH Date and time: Converts a serial number to a month
MROUND Math and trigonometry: Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL Math and trigonometry: Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

## N

Function Summary
N Information: Returns a value converted to a number
NA Information: Returns the error value #N/A
NEGBINOM.DIST Statistical: Returns the negative binomial distribution
NEGBINOMDIST Compatibility: Returns the negative binomial distribution
NETWORKDAYS Date and time: Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL Date and time: Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
NOMINAL Financial: Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NORM.DIST Statistical: Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMDIST Compatibility: Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV Statistical: Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.INV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.DIST Statistical: Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST Compatibility: Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.INV Statistical: Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
NOT Logical: Reverses the logic of its argument
NOW Date and time: Returns the serial number of the current date and time
NPER Financial: Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV Financial: Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
NUMBERVALUE Text: Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner

## O

Function Summary
OCT2BIN Engineering: Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC Engineering: Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX Engineering: Converts an octal number to hexadecimal
ODD Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
ODDFPRICE Financial: Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD Financial: Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE Financial: Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD Financial: Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
OFFSET Lookup and reference: Returns a reference offset from a given reference
OR Logical: Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE

## P

Function Summary
PEARSON Statistical: Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE.EXC Statistical: Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive
PERCENTILE.INC Statistical: Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTILE Compatibility: Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK.EXC Statistical: Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set
PERCENTRANK.INC Statistical: Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERCENTRANK Compatibility: Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT Statistical: Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PI Math and trigonometry: Returns the value of pi
PMT Financial: Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
POISSON.DIST Statistical: Returns the Poisson distribution
POISSON Compatibility: Returns the Poisson distribution
POWER Math and trigonometry: Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PPMT Financial: Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE Financial: Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC Financial: Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT Financial: Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PROB Statistical: Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
PRODUCT Math and trigonometry: Multiplies its arguments
PROPER Text: Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
PV Financial: Returns the present value of an investment

## Q

Function Summary
QUARTILE Compatibility: Returns the quartile of a data set
QUARTILE.EXC Statistical: Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive
QUARTILE.INC Statistical: Returns the quartile of a data set
QUOTIENT Math and trigonometry: Returns the integer portion of a division

## R

Function Summary
RAND Math and trigonometry: Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDARRAY Math and trigonometry: Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values.
RANDBETWEEN Math and trigonometry: Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
RANK.AVG Statistical: Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.EQ Statistical: Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK Compatibility: Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RATE Financial: Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED Financial: Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
REPLACE Text: Replaces characters within text
REPLACEB Text: Replaces characters within text
REPT Text: Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT Text: Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
RIGHTB Text: Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
ROMAN Math and trigonometry: Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number up, away from zero
ROW Lookup and reference: Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS Lookup and reference: Returns the number of rows in a reference
RSQ Statistical: Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

## S

Function Summary
SEARCH Text: Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SEARCHB Text: Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SECOND Date and time: Converts a serial number to a second
SEQUENCE Math and trigonometry: Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4
SERIESSUM Math and trigonometry: Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SHEET Information: Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet
SHEETS Information: Returns the number of sheets in a reference
SIGN Math and trigonometry: Returns the sign of a number
SIN Math and trigonometry: Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH Math and trigonometry: Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SKEW Statistical: Returns the skewness of a distribution
SLN Financial: Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SLOPE Statistical: Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL Statistical: Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
SORT Lookup and reference: Sorts the contents of a range or array
SORTBY Lookup and reference: Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array
SQRT Math and trigonometry: Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI Math and trigonometry: Returns the square root of (number * pi)
STANDARDIZE Statistical: Returns a normalized value
STDEV Compatibility: Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEV.P Statistical: Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEV.S Statistical: Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA Statistical: Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVP Compatibility: Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEVPA Statistical: Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX Statistical: Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
SUBSTITUTE Text: Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
SUBTOTAL Math and trigonometry: Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUM Math and trigonometry: Adds its arguments
SUMIF Math and trigonometry: Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS Math and trigonometry: Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT Math and trigonometry: Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ Math and trigonometry: Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 Math and trigonometry: Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 Math and trigonometry: Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 Math and trigonometry: Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
SWITCH Logical: Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned.
SYD Financial: Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

## T

Function Summary
T Text: Converts its arguments to text
TAN Math and trigonometry: Returns the tangent of a number
TANH Math and trigonometry: Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TBILLEQ Financial: Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE Financial: Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD Financial: Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
T.DIST.2T Statistical: Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.RT Statistical: Returns the Student’s t-distribution
TDIST Compatibility: Returns the Student’s t-distribution
TEXT Text: Formats a number and converts it to text
TEXTJOIN Text: Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges.
TIME Date and time: Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE Date and time: Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
T.INV.2T Statistical: Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution
TINV Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution
TODAY Date and time: Returns the serial number of today’s date
TRANSPOSE Lookup and reference: Returns the transpose of an array
TREND Statistical: Returns values along a linear trend
TRIM Text: Removes spaces from text
TRIMMEAN Statistical: Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
TRUE Logical: Returns the logical value TRUE
TRUNC Math and trigonometry: Truncates a number to an integer
T.TEST Statistical: Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test
TTEST Compatibility: Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test
TYPE Information: Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

## U

Function Summary
UNICHAR Text: Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value
UNICODE Text: Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text
UNIQUE Lookup and reference: Returns a list of unique values in a list or range
UPPER Text: Converts text to uppercase

## V

Function Summary
VALUE Text: Converts a text argument to a number
VAR Compatibility: Estimates variance based on a sample
VAR.P Statistical: Calculates variance based on the entire population
VAR.S Statistical: Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA Statistical: Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARP Compatibility: Calculates variance based on the entire population
VARPA Statistical: Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
VDB Financial: Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
VLOOKUP Lookup and reference: Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

## W

Function Summary
WEEKDAY Date and time: Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM Date and time: Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WEIBULL Compatibility: Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL.DIST Statistical: Returns the Weibull distribution
WORKDAY Date and time: Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
WORKDAY.INTL Date and time: Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

## X

Function Summary
XIRR Financial: Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XLOOKUP Lookup and reference: Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn’t exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match.
XNPV Financial: Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

## Y

Function Summary
YEAR Date and time: Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC Date and time: Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date
YIELD Financial: Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC Financial: Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT Financial: Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

## Z

Function Summary
Z.TEST Statistical: Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test
ZTEST Compatibility: Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test